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A History of Michigan Golf: 1921-1930
By Art McCafferty

The "Roaring Twenties" was just that as Michigan added 89 courses to it golf course inventory; thus giving the state 162 as it headed into the 1930's.

The 20's also produced our own Walter Hagen who shocked the world by winning four British Opens and five PGA Championships. "I don't want to be a millionaire, I just want to live like one," the affable Haig would state on many occasions.

The U.S. Open was played at Oakland Hills for the first time during this decade and this was also the time when women's golf started to heat up with the matches of legendary English players Cecil Leitch and Joyce Wethered. They competed famously in the British Women's Amateur, each winning four times during a stretch from 1914 to 1929. Babe Zaharias would finally win as the first American in 1947.

In 1922 the Michigan PGA elected their first President, Alex Ross. Al Watrous reigned supreme during that time by winning the Michigan Open Championship four times, with the Haig winning it once in 1921. The Michigan PGA Championship was won a couple of times by Al Watrous and once by architect, Wilfried Reid. Over at the GAM, John Sweeney, Malcolm McGregor and Will Curtis of the Detroit Golf Club, were to fill the President's chair for the decade.

The 20's saw the continuation of Donald Ross's fine work as he completed an even dozen courses. The Scottish duo of Wilfried Reid and William Connellan teamed up to do a number of projects in Michigan, notably Indianwood, Brae Burn, Bald Mountain and Tam O'Shanter. Reid, was also known for his fine work with the Olympic Club, at that time the Lakeside Golf and Country Club.

H.S. Colt and C.H. Alison, who contributed the Country Club of Detroit and Plum Hollow, were known for their work at The Cloister, the famous Georgia resort. They reworked the original Plantation nine there and then created their own nine, the Seaside. Bobby Jones had indicated that the Seaside nine was "the best nine that he had ever seen."

H.S. Colt was also known for his work at Pine Valley where he worked with George Crump and his home course at Sunningdale, England.

Finally, the multitalented, but little heralded Midwestern duo of Langford and Moreau, were responsible for two terrific Michigan courses during this decade, Blythefield Country Club and Marquette Golf & Country Club.

Michigan Golf Courses 1921-1930


Rogell Golf Course

Barton Hills Country Club

Hastings Country Club

Kent Country Club

Lenawee Country Club

Mount Pleasant Country Club

Pine Lake Country Club

Walnut Hills Country Club


Cheboygan Golf & Country Club

Eagle Creek Golf Club

FoxHills/ Lakes Course at Fox Hills Country Club

Gogebic Country Club

Huron Hills Golf Course

Lakelands Golf & Country Club

Pine River Country Club


Clarkston Golf Club

Elk Rapids Golf Club

Grayling Country Club

North Course at Oakland Hills

Owosso Country Club

Pebblewood Country Club

Plum Hollow Country Club

Plym Park Municipal Golf Course

Ye Nyne Olde Holes


Berrien Hills Country Club

Escanaba Country Club

Franklin Hills Country Club

Gratiot Country Club

Pontiac Municipal Golf Course

Sauganash Country Club

Sharp Park Golf Course

Verona Hills Golf Course

Ye Olde Country Club


Bonnie Brook Golf Course

Idylwyld Golf Course

Calumet Golf Club

Old Course at Indianwood

Knollwood Country Club

Riverwood Golf Course & Resort

Rackham Golf Course

Rouge Park Golf Course

States Golf Course


Arbor Hills Country Club

Black River Country Club

Elk Rapids Golf Course

Franklin Hills Country Club

Forest Lake Country Club

Glenn Shores Golf Club

Groesbeck Golf Course

Huron Shores Golf Course

Maple Lane Golf Club

Marywood Golf Club

Western Country Club


Bel-Aire Golf Club

Belvedere Golf Club

Blythefield Country Club

Brae Burn Golf Course

Briar Hill Golf Course

East/West Course at Cascade Hills Country Club

Country Club of Detroit

Greenbush Golf Course

Caro Golf Club

Frankfort Golf Course

Greenville Country Club

Inverness Country Club

Marquette Golf & Country Club

Mid-Channel Golf Course

Plum Brook Golf Course

Portland Country Club

Red Cedar Municipal Golf Course

The East and West Courses at Warren Valley Golf Course

West Branch Country Club


Dearborn Country Club

Gowanie Country Club

Hankerd Hills Golf Course

Indian Trails Golf Course

Park Shore Golf Club


Ann Arbor Country Club

Bald Mountain Golf Course

Cascades Eighteen Course at Cascades Golf Course

Crystal Golf Course

Diamond Lake Golf Course

East Course at Gracewil Country Club

Holland Country Club

Tam O'Shanter Country Club


Germania Town & Country Club

Glenhurst Golf Course

Highland Hills Golf Club

Pine Shores Municipal Golf Course

Red Arrow Golf Club

Twin Beach Country Club

White Lake Oaks Golf Course

Part 1 Michigan Golf History from 1895-1910
Part 2 Michigan Golf History 1911-1920

The Bendelow and Willie Park, Jr. Era
By Art McCafferty

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